The holy year of Compostela or the Jacobean Year (Xacobeo)
The Santo Compostela year, also known as the Jacobean year, is celebrated in Santiago de Compostela, whenever the 25th of July, the day of Santiago Maior, coincides with a Sunday. With a cadence of 6, 5, 6 and 11 years, the 25 of July, celebration of the apostle Santiago, falls on Sunday.
The creation of the holy year in Santiago dates back to the 15th century. The first in history is thought to have been the 1428 jubilee, or perhaps the 1434, both summoned by Archbishop D. Lope de Mendoza.
The Jacobean year opens with the opening of Porta Santa on the afternoon of December 31 of the previous year. A ritual in which the archbishop of Santiago taps the exterior wall three times with a silver hammer, which symbolizes the hardness of the path, and which is found at the rear entrance of the Cathedral, which is located in the Quintana square. Thus, the delegation that heads the religious authority asks the apostle Santiago for permission to enter. Then the wall is broken down.
The door will remain open for the next twelve months and this is the access that pilgrims will traditionally use to enter the temple during this period. Santiago enters the temple after breaking down the Holy Door wall
The last four holy years were in 1993, 1999, 2004 and 2010. The next will be on July 25 in the year 2021.